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Hassan Shibly

Attorney &, Consulting and Philanthropy


Three categories of public speaking

Speaking in front of an audience can be a useful self-development technique. It can assist you in developing a range of life skills, including leadership, self-assurance, problem-solving, and reasoning abilities. In order to communicate to an audience effectively, you must first capture their attention. This is frequently accomplished by beginning with a joke, amazing fact, or anecdote.

Informative speeches impart knowledge to the audience through unbiased facts. They frequently involve substantial research on the part of the speaker and share new trends or raise awareness about a topic, subject, or event. The narrow line between informing and persuading should be recognized by informative presenters, and they should work to keep their talks within that bounds.

The four main ways that speakers might impart information are definition, description, demonstration, and explanation. Examples include detailing a person or event (such as in a biography), describing an object or a process (such as how potato chips are created), and demonstrating something in action.

Motivational speeches are a common genre for instructive speaking. These lectures inspire the audience to act and improve their own life. When employed appropriately, they have tremendous charisma, vivid language, and compelling body language that may be quite persuasive.

This is the form of public speaking that most people engage in on a daily basis. It entails convincing others to follow your lead or alter their behavior. For instance, encouraging a coworker to take on your assignment or to register as an organ donor.

Teaching, convincing, and entertaining are frequently combined in informative presentations. For instance, you might be required to report to a college lecture class or present your most recent project at work. You can possibly be required to instruct your peers in the preparation of Mediterranean cuisine or demonstrate the use of a new technology.

You must recognize and respond to your audience's issues in order to speak persuasively. This necessitates a thorough understanding of how to persuade an audience through ethos, logos, and pathos. For instance, if you're trying to persuade people to stop contributing to climate change, you may emphasize the benefits to both the community and the entire planet.

Speakers frequently give presentations in motivating environments, whether they are best men or maids of honor at weddings, classmates or parents at graduation parties, or the winner at a talent competition. These speeches frequently have a personal touch, which engages the audience and effectively conveys the message.

Informative public speaking is the most prevalent type. This can involve your employees asking you how to utilize a new piece of software or the neighborhood group asking you about your trip to Morocco. It can also include college lecture courses and industry conferences.

You will need to practice this style of speaking in order to perfect the voice inflections and linguistic nuances required to persuade your audience of a point of view. This style of public speaking is used by politicians, attorneys, and members of the clergy to solicit votes or support for a cause. They frequently use a lot of strong language and emotional appeals. According to psychologist Albert Mehrabian, audiences decode approximately 55% of your meaning through nonverbal communication, 38% through vocalization, and only 7% through words.

Ceremonial speech takes place in a variety of contexts and frequently combines instructing, persuading, and entertaining. These speeches are intended to inform and impart important information, whether they are delivered in a college lecture course or by a top executive reporting on sales from the previous year.

The stakes are higher and the abilities needed are more advanced when it comes to effective public speaking. Politicians, attorneys, and members of the clergy frequently use this style of speech. These speeches call for well-honed vocal inflections and linguistic nuance that will persuade audiences to support the speaker's points of view.

What exactly are Law and Kinds?

A legal system is a set of legally enforceable norms or standards that can be enforced by a social entity. The United States of America is a federal republic with both federal and state laws. Local governments may also pass ordinances. In general, a society's laws are created to instill a sense of order, fairness, and safety. However, breaking them has tremendous ramifications.

The laws that regulate human behavior and conduct in a society are referred to as the law. It is a code that must be followed or people will be punished. Some of the fundamental types of rules that people must follow include those pertaining to stealing, crimes, and the right to a fair trial or hearing. Those who break these laws face fines or imprisonment.

Legal philosophy is the study of how laws affect people's lives. There are various schools of legal philosophy, each with its own set of implications for society. Politics is also influenced by the rule of law. It influences how governments are founded, how they exercise power, and what citizens' rights are. It can also act as a go-between for those who disagree on something.

A commendable effort should include a) establishing and encoding rights, b) ensuring that individuals act in accordance with those rights, and c) preserving those rights against infringement by others. It should also be remembered that law is a fluid and dynamic process in many jurisdictions. Laws that can be changed over time and in reaction to new situations are the most effective. In general, the finest legal regulations are those that promote innovation and free trade. Similarly, the most effective regulations encourage equity and fairness.

The goal of law and types is to offer a method for people to engage in ways that benefit them the most. It also functions as a gauge of societal change and a route for information distribution, such as in the form of legal precedents and regulations reflected in statutes. As a result, a set of rules and laws is required to control all parts of society, from the individual to the larger group.

The legal system (the laws that control how governments, businesses, and individuals behave), the institutions that enforce these laws, and the link between law and society are all studied in this field. It covers topics like constitutional law, which governs the major organs of government; civil procedure, which governs the process of filing a lawsuit and appellate review of trial results; criminal law, which governs punishment, deterrence, rehabilitation, and crime prevention; and contracts, which govern the nature and rules for enforcing promises made by businesses and individuals.

In general, the main research subject in jurisprudence and allied legal sciences is concerned with the description and explanation of legal processes. This is mostly related to the use of reasoning that results in the issuance of decisions to apply law and their appropriate justification. However, the syllogism-subsumption technique to studying these processes is just one of many methodologies employed in this field.

Law is the application of standards of behavior that are enforced by legal authority, such as a monarch, president, or dictator. Civil and criminal legislation and regulations, as well as more technical norms controlling government and business, are all included. The legal system of a country performs several tasks, including maintaining peace, fostering social fairness, and allowing for orderly change in the face of upheaval or revolution.

Law is composed of numerous legal theories and practices, such as legislative interpretation, analogy, and judicial decision making. "Lawyers' calculus" refers to the most popular approach of legal reasoning. It entails determining the likelihood that a person follows a set of rules in order to arrive at an objective and reasonable result.

Other means of making legal decisions include proving a claim or demonstrating a majority of evidence, both of which are more difficult to do. Contracts, which entail binding agreements between parties; civil process, which controls how trials and appeals are performed; and legal technology, which employs computers to analyze and apply the laws of the land, are among the most essential aspects of law.

Is There Any Use to Speaking in Front of People?

Speaking in front of an audience is helpful in various contexts, from personal development to career advancement. Keep reading to learn more about the upsides of giving speeches in front of an audience.

Speaking in front of an audience may help you become a better communicator, which is one of the most apparent advantages. You will benefit from your increased proficiency in this area throughout your professional and personal life.

The ability to communicate well in front of an audience is an asset in many fields. It has the added benefit of boosting one's own assurance. Recognizing the origin of your anxiety about public speaking is the first step in overcoming it. Maybe you worry that your audience will see you as inept or that they will catch you in a lie.

Thoughts like this might be difficult to conquer; it's crucial to keep in mind that they're usually not based in reality. Instead, center your presentation on your strengths and the reasons you're confident in them.

Skills in public speaking are essential to the success of anybody in the job or in higher education. Gaining experience in public speaking may help you stand out in job interviews, increase your self-assurance on the job, and increase your chances of being considered for management jobs and promotions.

Speaking in front of a group may help you hone your timing, tempo, and volume, all of which can be used in future performances. These abilities are crucial for giving speeches in public, whether at business or in school.

You may take what you learn in a public speaking course and apply it to more everyday circumstances, including talking to friends or coworkers or participating in group discussions. The capacity to concentrate, maintain focus, and convey ideas coherently to an audience are all examples of such abilities.

Learning to solve issues in front of an audience and express your reasoning develops your critical thinking abilities. This ability is particularly valuable in the business environment, where roles and responsibilities are often evolving and where you may be required to adjust quickly to new circumstances.

Successful leaders have learned to control their own emotions and responses. It may also help you deal better with circumstances that could otherwise make you feel overwhelmed.

It takes effort, dedication, and practice to grow in self-awareness, but the payoff is worth it. It's a fantastic opportunity to grow as a leader and start seeing yourself as someone who can inspire others around them.

Public speaking is important, but so is quiet time alone to think. Meditation, writing, reading, and other solitary pursuits are excellent ways to do this.

Reading the works of authors from diverse cultural origins and with varied life experiences is another great method to learn more about yourself. Reading other people's takes on the same issue might help you figure out how you feel about it and what you think it means.

The ability to speak in public is an asset to every company entrepreneur. It may facilitate communication with prospective buyers, business associates, and clients. It's a great way to meet new people and establish meaningful connections that may lead to future success.

Opportunities often present themselves during industry-specific conventions and gatherings. But you should also think about expanding your search to include various forms of events that are relevant to your expertise and background. Consider giving talks at industry award ceremonies, as well as talks at relevant university clubs and departments.

Choose an event you'd want to speak at, and then contact the organizers (via your network if feasible) to express your interest in doing so. Next, make sure your social media presence accurately reflects your qualifications to impress the event's organizers with your knowledge and experience.

Who is history's greatest philanthropist?

As the term implies, Philanthropists improve society with their wealth. They donate a percentage of their income to the less fortunate so that they may live better lives.

Andrew Carnegie, an American steel tycoon, was one of the biggest benefactors in history. He invested most of his wealth in education, creating colleges, schools, and even free public libraries around the globe.

Leona Helmsley, the wife of billionaire real estate magnate Harry Helmsley, was formerly known as the "Queen of Mean." She is currently recognized as one of the most prominent philanthropists in history. She has donated more than $140 million to Israel and is widely regarded as a pro-Israel hero.

Helmsley was born Lena Rosenthal to Polish-Jewish immigrant parents. She dropped out of school to pursue a job in the real estate industry.

She was formerly married to attorney Leo Panzirer and subsequently to clothing industry executive Joseph Lubin. Each union ended in divorce.

Jay, her only son (1940-1982), and his wife Mimi had four children. They had a spacious residence in Manhattan.

To avoid paying taxes, the Helmsleys had an extravagant swimming pool and deducted personal costs as business expenses. When an employee disclosed this to the media, a massive scandal ensued. The family was placed on trial and convicted of 33 tax-related offenses.

Bill Gates, the creator of Microsoft and co-chair of the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is one of the world's wealthiest persons. He has promised to give up his money during his life.

Gates is a computer scientist and a business executive who is recognized for his ideas and software. In addition to being a wealthy philanthropist, he has contributed billions to enhance global healthcare, combat AIDS, and provide student scholarships.

Gates was born in Seattle, Washington, in 1955; his parents were William Henry Gates II and Mary Gates. He was raised in a home that encouraged his interest in technology. At Lakeside Preparatory School, where he began learning computer programs, he met Paul Allen, the future co-founder of Microsoft.

In October 2018, Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft alongside Bill Gates, was the twenty-first richest person in the world. His wealth was used to fund the construction of everything from a spacecraft to theaters and museums.

His primary interest was in music. He purchased Seattle's Cinerama, Jimi Hendrix's favorite performance venue, as it was about to be demolished.

He was an avid art collector as well. He acquired works by Monet and other masters. He even had a painting by Mark Rothko that sold at auction for $56.2 million.

Allen was also a sports fan and owned the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League. Stratolaunch Systems is a space firm. He started to make spaceflight more accessible. Allen contributed $100 million in 2014 to combat Ebola in West Africa.

The American billionaire philanthropist and business mogul Eli Broad, who passed away on March 29 at 87, was a pioneering donor who donated more than $2 billion. He and his wife, Eddie, founded the Broad Foundations to fund school reform efforts, scientific and medical research, and the visual and performing arts.

Broad earned a bachelor's degree from Michigan State University and passed the state's exam to become a certified public accountant at age 20. He went on to build two Fortune 500 companies: KB Home, which developed inexpensive houses, and SunAmerica, which was sold to AIG for $18 billion in 1998.

Passionate about advancing education, he founded the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, donating $100 million to fund research in brain circuits, genetics, and stem cell science. In addition, he backed Teach For America, enabling the group to expand from a nationwide program to thousands of educators in fifty urban and rural regions.

The Meaning of Public Speaking

Public speaking means more than just being able to talk and deliver your ideas, it also demonstrates your confidence and knowledge of your topic. It persuades others and sparks innovation and opportunities. The best way to go about demonstrating your pique of interest is to take it one step at a time. It may not be possible to do this in a single sitting, but if you do it a few times over a few hours you are a winner. In the long run, you will be the envy of all your peers. If you do it right the first time you will have a lasting impression on all your guests. 


You also stand a much better chance of nabbing the prized coveted job at the company of your dreams. That said you will still need to put in the hours required to get the job done. So how do you go about doing it right? Well, if you follow these tips you will be soaring through the apex of your career in no time. Listed below are some of the most important things you should know about improving your chances at the ring.


The art of persuasion requires an incredibly sophisticated mix of communication skills. It involves both logical arguments and emotional appeals. Moreover, it can be applied in a wide range of communication activities. For example, advertising, political campaigns, and sales pitches are all examples of persuasion.


A speech aimed at persuading others is intended to change their beliefs, behaviors, or values. This can be done by using a good argument, which must be supported by evidence. Persuasion is a skill that can help you become more effective in your career or life.


If you want to speak persuasively, it's important to choose a topic that has broad appeal and can make a difference in the lives of your audience. You can also build your skills by taking a public speaking course. These courses give you valuable advice and tips.


Persuasion is a skill you can enhance by focusing on your ethos, logos, and pathos. Each of these has a specific role in persuasive speech. One of the best ways to spark innovation and opportunities in your life is to speak publicly. Whether it's in front of a board meeting or at an event, good public speaking is one of the most effective means of initiating change. And it also has the potential to build your self-esteem.


Public speaking can be a challenge, especially if you're not used to it. However, it is an essential skill. It demonstrates your willingness to be open to new ideas, and it can help you advance your career. Besides, it's also a great way to make a difference in the world.


At the Wilson Center for Innovation and Leadership, students are allowed to participate in a course called SPARK. This course helps students develop research and presentation skills as they work toward finding solutions to social problems. Students can earn credit for the course, or they can simply take it for personal interest. In addition to helping them learn how to present their ideas to a large audience, the course teaches them how to research their topics and make their presentations more effective.

What characteristics distinguish an excellent speaker?

An excellent speaker contains attributes such as confidence, benevolence, and inventiveness. These three qualities can help you swiftly get through a presentation, class, or interview. One of the most appealing aspects of a good speaker is confidence. Confident people will establish a connection with their audience and provide a credible message. A self-assured speaker will utilize personal tales to connect with their audience.

Confident speakers can think clearly and deal with problems without being domineering. They will also modify their delivery manner to the reactions of their audience. This will assist them in obtaining outcomes from their presentation. A nervous speaker may have conflicting thoughts on stage, forcing them to veer off on unconnected tangents. They may also be guilty of excessive name-dropping and exaggerating their qualifications.

Nervous presenters may frequently cross their arms and make inappropriate motions. These might make the audience feel uneasy during the presentation. Fortunately, there are several methods for overcoming these sentiments and increasing your confidence.

Giving a speech on stage can be a difficult and often embarrassing experience. While most people are nervous about speaking in front of a crowd, a few well-placed hints and strategies can assure success. Let's start with a list of goals you want to achieve and divide them into manageable portions. This will make the presenting process much easier and allow you to concentrate on the topic. You'll also notice an increase in your confidence level.

A skilled public speaker should also take the time to complete their studies. A few minutes of Google searches, for example, will present you with a lot of knowledge about what you should know about a topic. Goodwill is a crucial component of every business. It is not only beneficial to consumer interactions, but it is also an essential component of any reputation. You may positively impact your audience if you are a competent speaker.

There are several approaches to building a great relationship with your audience. One method is to create an office culture that encourages constructive communication. This can set the tone for future interactions with students, coworkers, and stakeholders. Participating in community initiatives is another approach to cultivating a happy mindset. You could volunteer at a local food bank. You might also have a garage sale. These actions will assist you in getting rid of the excess in your life.

What is the Purpose of Law?

Law is a set of rules and regulations that a government enacts to maintain order and security in society. It promotes equality and promotes good governance. It is an instrument for controlling behavior in society and protects against injustice. While there are many purposes of law, the four most important are: establishing standards, settling disputes, protecting individual rights, and upholding law and order. There is a wide variety of different types of rules, and each one serves a unique purpose.

A law can serve several purposes, from regulating labor to establishing religion to holding how we educate ourselves. It can organize our lifestyles and our property. It can also be a tool for plunder. While it is possible to legislate to create equal opportunity, the law can also be an instrument for social injustice. It is, therefore, vital to understand the purpose of law before deciding what rules we should enact.

Laws are important because they give people a minimum standard of acceptable societal behavior. They also define what constitutes a crime. An example is an assault, wherein someone intentionally injures another without justification. Laws also help protect the rights of individuals and businesses. In addition, the law gives us formal means to settle disputes.

Judges, courts, and other institutions make decisions in a standard law system. These decisions, called laws, become law and are enforceable. These legal systems are often based on the principle of "due process," which ensures that everyone is treated fairly. However, judges' decisions in a civil law system are subject to the judicial process.

The purpose of the law may depend on the context in which it is applied. For example, if a state's power is excessive, it is unlikely to be able to protect citizens. For a country to be governed by law, it must clearly define the concept. Its rules must be based on moral principles. Otherwise, they are bound to be unenforceable. Hence, the purpose of the law is to protect people and their rights.

Law is a set of rules that govern our everyday lives. These rules are reflected in many different branches of law. For instance, contract law states that agreements must exchange value, including buying tickets and trading options in the derivatives market. Similarly, property law states the rights and duties of citizens to tangible and intangible property. Criminal law is a branch of law that deals with crimes against the community.

Laws are essential for society. Without a solid legal system, the organization would not be able to function correctly. Furthermore, a stable legal system is necessary to create a healthy and happy culture. It also protects individuals from being exploited or abused by society. It is an essential tool that makes our lives easier.

In addition to its role in the governance of society, the law has often acted as a catalyst for change. In India, for example, it has been abolished polygamy. Other examples of the way that law affects society include the strengthening of the panchayat system, the abolition of untouchability, and the abolition of child marriage. It can also promote social change, such as ending child marriage and reducing dowry.

Another reason for the law is to protect morality. It ensures that the majority of people will not do wrong things. For instance, if a person kills a man, it is not moral. Similarly, torturing a person is immoral. It is also illegal to steal from a person.

Some Illustrations of Generosity and Philanthropy

"Is philanthropy the same as charity?" is a frequently posed question. While this question is commonly addressed in the context of nonprofit organizations, it is essential to remember that it does not necessarily mean the same thing. The distinction between charity and philanthropy should be founded on more than just personal preferences.

The first consideration is tangibility. For a giver, the impact of a philanthropic gift is not immediately apparent. A charity contribution must be justified by anticipated future transactional advantages from reputation development. According to one study, charitable giving by consumer corporations predicts customer satisfaction and revenue.

The goal of philanthropy is another consideration. It entails attempting to overcome social obstacles. Charities offer projects to alleviate suffering. Generosity, on the other hand, aims to solve issues. It can also play an essential role in company culture. Companies with a solid charitable streak sell more and attract more customers.

While both sorts of giving are necessary for the public good, they differ. Charities provide practical things to those in need, whereas philanthropists commit time and money to solve societal issues. In addition, donations to charities are frequently past presents to nonprofits.

Cryptocurrency has grown in popularity as a means of funding charity causes, but it also presents legal and regulatory concerns. For example, the SEC is still disputing whether cryptocurrency is a currency, and trading cryptocurrency may be unlawful in some nations. As a result, charitable organizations that employ cryptocurrency should avoid politically charged jurisdictions.

Charities frequently employ deceptive strategies to acquire donations. They may, for example, misrepresent the percentage of a gift that goes to a charitable cause. Furthermore, they may affiliate with government institutions and well-known charities. The Police Survivors Fund, for example, was created in 1999 and was later found guilty of fraud charges in 2003.

Philanthropy research reveals a wide diversity of theoretical approaches on the subject. While some can provide significant insights, others are severely constrained by their unique perspective and methodology. Nonetheless, a comprehensive framework for charitable decision-making is necessary. Moreover, such an approach allows for the development a single model that can be used in various settings.

Charitable organizations play a vital role in society. However, bogus charities also take advantage of contributors' goodwill. As a result, these types of charities might disillusion victims, leading to a loss of trust in philanthropic groups. Furthermore, charity fraud tarnishes reputable charities. As a result, it is critical to avoid donating to a charity that has been involved in fraudulent activity.

What is the Process of Becoming a Philanthropist?

When discussing "philanthropy," we rarely examine a person's philanthropic objectives. The term does not always encompass our culture's full spectrum of giving. Whether a person wants to donate money to a cause or an organization, they will be labelled a philanthropist if they wish to benefit others.

While many notable philanthropists opt to devote a portion of their fortune to causes near and dear to their hearts, there are alternative methods to become a philanthropist. For example, you may help the charity by donating your time, resources, and energy without spending much money.

Finding a cause you are passionate about is the best approach to becoming engaged. For example, you may desire to help children in need or have a specific understanding of a subject. Volunteering allows you to make a difference while also getting to know the individuals you help.

Being a philanthropist has numerous advantages. You will not only be assisting people, but you will also be forming excellent character characteristics. In addition, you'll view the world through another person's eyes, which may make you appreciate your own life more.

A satisfying professional path is that of a philanthropist. You can devote your life to a great cause by working in a nonprofit or humanitarian organization. You can use either labour on the ground in underdeveloped nations or be a policy reform advocate. You can also donate a portion of your salary to a charity, which does not have to be a large quantity.

Philanthropy is defined as the act of doing good on a broad scale for the benefit of humanity. Philanthropy is more than just donating money to charity; it is about determining the fundamental cause of a problem. Philanthropy's objective is to aid society and develop human potential. Philanthropy has extended into the commercial and political sectors in modern times.

Philanthropy in the Black community arose from a desire to better the community and alleviate its concerns. Even now, black communities continue to donate to Black churches and other nonprofit organizations. In truth, the African American church is the foundation of African American society and a haven for the Black community to tackle collective concerns.

How Many Civil Rights Are There in the United States?


There are several important laws and regulations regarding civil rights in the United States. Among these are the Voting Rights Act and the Fair Housing Act. The Supreme Court plays a crucial role in civil rights, and a decision made by the Court can change the way civil rights are recognized in all fifty states. In addition, the Twenty-Fourth Amendment bans poll taxes, which discourage poor and minority citizens from voting, violating their civil rights.


When the ACLU and NAACP started their campaigns in the early 1900s, they were focused on defending people's rights. Those rights included freedom of speech and association, freedom of religion, and protection against government intrusion. The idea of individual rights has always been a foundational value in the United States.


The Bill of Rights codified the theory that humans have certain rights and that the state should not infringe upon them. This theory has influenced the thinking of political leaders around the world. The Bill of Rights was a significant milestone in the story of liberty. But it was not universally adopted, and it left entire groups out. For example, women were not allowed to vote until the 19th Amendment was passed.


The most serious threat to liberty is the prerogative of power. A Republican nation must protect individual rights to the fullest extent possible. Unfortunately, some states do not follow this principle, and their bills of rights do not fully protect those rights.


In the years following Kennedy's assassination, millions of ordinary Americans worked to expand American democracy and expand the civil rights of people of color. Their efforts were rewarded with historic legislation. But, at the same time, they revealed deep racial divides.

Protests in Birmingham, Alabama, drew nationwide attention. Similar to demonstrations in Albany, Georgia, Birmingham demonstrators filled jails and forced Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor to intervene. These protests helped lead President Kennedy to take action. The images of fire hoses and police dogs attacking peaceful marchers became widely circulated, spurring the President to act.


While in office, President Kennedy worked to push for civil rights legislation. However, he faced opposition from southern politicians who were afraid of Kennedy's stance on civil rights. He was reluctant to take dramatic steps as he feared alienating key Southerners. But, he tried to achieve civil rights in increments and in a variety of ways. While in office, Kennedy appointed African Americans to essential positions in the administration, including Thurgood Marshall, to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. He also supported voting registration drives.


The Fair Housing Act is a federal law that protects residents from discrimination in housing. It was passed in 1968 and is still in effect today. Its aim is to promote fair housing throughout the United States. Although the Act is still a work in progress, the first anniversary of its implementation was celebrated in 1969 with a gala celebration that brought together HUD officials, politicians, and advocates.


The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination based on protected classes, which include race, religion, sex, disability, national origin, gender, and sexual orientation. However, this definition does not apply to all housing situations. A landlord can't discriminate based on a person's sex or race unless the applicant is in danger of domestic violence.


The Fair Housing Act was initially designed to promote integration in the housing industry. Its passage was delayed for decades due to political obstructions and a lack of enforcement. In the 1970s, Secretary George Romney tried to force a white suburb of Detroit to offer affordable housing. However, President Nixon killed the initiative, and Romney left the government. And then failed to enforce the Act's protections for 45 years.


The Voting Rights Act, which was enacted on August 6, 1965, is one of the many civil rights laws that protect American citizens. It was created to remove barriers that African Americans faced when voting. It is regarded as one of the most comprehensive pieces of civil rights legislation in the United States and significantly expanded the franchise. Although some states have made changes to the Voting Rights Act, the Act's original intent is still in effect. In 1964, for instance, Mississippi's black voter registration rate was only 6.7 percent. However, the Voting Rights Act, as well as the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, continue to protect minority voting rights.


The Voting Rights Act outlines several principles that protect the right to vote, among them the suspension of literacy tests and poll taxes. The Act also requires the approval of voting laws by the federal government. The Act's provisions also provide for the appointment of federal examiners, who have the authority to register citizens.

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